High-resolution transcriptional signature to predict survival benefit in colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with EGFR inhibitors (EGFRi) independent of RAS/BRAF mutation status or tumor sidedness


Ramya Thota, Timothy Yeatman, Nishant Gandhi, Mingli Yang, Michael Schell, Lance Pflieger, Andrey Loboda, Michael Nebozhyn, Andrew Elliott, Joanne Xiu, George W. Sledge Jr., Moh’d M. Khushman, Emil Lou, Sanjay Goel, Warren Jack Pledger

Results: Higher CTX-S quintiles were significantly associated with longer survival on EGFRi in RAS/BRAF wild-type as well as -mutant subpopulations. Similar results were seen in left- vs. right-sided tumors (Table). Higher CTX-S quintiles were associated with a survival benefit in all CMS classes but CMS2; however, the vast majority of CMS2 tumors (460/467) were among the top 3 CTX-S quintiles. As the median survival among the top 3 quintiles was ~2-fold higher than the bottom 2 quintiles, we used stratification by the 40th percentile for the genomic analysis. CTX-S .40th percentile was associated with an increased prevalence in APC (91 vs 47%) and TP53 (93 vs 76%) mutations and decreased prevalence in BRAF (6 vs 32%), SMAD4 (8 vs 19%), RNF43 (1 vs 12%) and ATM (2 vs 5%) mutations (all q,0.05).

Conclusions: Our data suggest that CTX-S may predict longer survival on EGFRi, surprisingly independent of RAS/BRAF mutation status as well as tumor sidedness. Patients with high CTX-S had increased prevalence of CMS2 and harbored more APC and TP53 mutations. A strong EGFRi biomarker would likely expand the utility of EGFRi to right-sided tumors and possibly to RASMUT tumors. Further validation of these biomarkers in a prospective clinical trial is warranted and could change our current standard of care for CRC.

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